The varieties of spoken Chinese in Eastern China and Taiwan.
What’s represented here are mostly minority group languages in China. Also keep in mind there are different dialects of Mandarin for basically every province and some cities! Here’s a map:
Like for example, Sichuan dialect is WAYYYY different from regular Mandarin! You can kind of understand it, but… it sounds very distinct. Most Chinese will speak one dialect at home and speak Mandarin in school and when they travel outside their hometown.
I lived in Jinan, the capital of Shandong Province (situated in the pink area representing the Ji-Lu group of dialects) while I was studying in China, and Jinan actually has its own distinct dialect known as 济南话, Jinanhua (lit. “Jinan-speak”).
The Mandarin spoken there is pretty standard so communication wasn’t too much of an issue. However, sometimes old ladies on the bus or some street vendors would speak Jinanhua, at which point all I could do was smile and nod politely.
If you’re interested in hearing what Jinanhua sounds like, and maybe even learning a few words and phrases, you can do so here.